Where are the winds coming from? Part 1. Winds are closer

Night marshmallows
Streams the ether.
Making noise
Running
Guadalquivir.

What does all this mean? Bearing in mind the famous retelling of “A lucky tent flies,” where the children decided that the reins are fluffy are animals that are blown up by a cubic ruthless flying projectile, we just in case warn: at night, a sweet delicacy marshmallow emits essential oils, and in general night air has nothing to do with it, this is not television for you.

Marshmallow - In ancient Greek mythology - the god of the western wind, which began to blow in the spring and gained strength by the summer. In a figurative sense, marshmallow is a light, warm breeze. Pro Marshmallow as well Boreyhe Aquilon, and other completely outlandish winds can be read on the ShZh in an interesting article. What is the wind like? (Grandmaster Galya Konstantinova).

For in-depth study of the issue to our services there is L. Z. Prokh. The dictionary of winds, which, like the vocations, can be simply read as fiction in a row ...

There are winds, one might say, of world significance: monsoons and trade winds. They blow right through the parallels and meridians. Consider them later. And there are local winds associated with the geographical features of the region:

  • winds, mainly due to local atmospheric circulation;
  • winds, which are currents of the general circulation of the atmosphere, modified by local conditions — low temperatures, dustiness of air, etc.

And these local winds have amazingly romantic names. Anyone who wants to write something from the lives of sailors, pirates or travelers, must memorize these names by heart. And even if you don’t write - you just need to mention a couple of such names in stories about your travels, and it is immediately clear that you have a seasoned traveler.

The most common and frequently mentioned regular winds in the literature are the Mistral and the Sirocco.

Mistral falls into the "pipe" separating Sardinia and Corsica from the Strait of Bonifacio and can therefore be 2 points stronger in Porto Pollo than on the north-western beaches. The impact of the wind is about the same as on Tarifa, but not so strong.

Mistral (fr. Mistral) is a cold north-westerly wind blowing from Cevennes to the Mediterranean coast of France in the spring months and is a veritable scourge of agriculture in the Rhone Valley and all of Provence. The mistral period can last from one to nine days, when it blows day and night and reaches strengths up to 9 points. Often the wind is so strong that it rips up trees from its roots. In any case, its constant influence is noticeable on lonely growing trees, which are often tilted to the south.

That's what he wrote about the Mistral K. Paustovsky:

“This state tormented me all night through a fragile dream, it must be because the poet’s namesake was a real mad and impolite wind mistral, blowing out from the narrow Alps outside the walls. And he, as you know, confuses human thoughts, annoys people and causes them to make inconsistencies. Obviously, therefore, the local court softens the punishments to people who have committed any wrongdoings during the Mistral. ”

Then we read the quotas - and we don’t even try to retell their poetic text in our own words.

Sirocco It originates in the depths of the Arabian and North African deserts. It occurs in warm, dry, tropical air masses that move north in the direction of low pressure eastward across the Mediterranean Sea.

Cirocco occurs at all times of the year; in summer - less often, in spring and autumn - more often. It reaches its greatest strength in March and November, developing a speed of up to 100 km / h (55 knots - the strength of a hurricane). However, on the Adriatic coast of Italy and Croatia, it is considered wind of moderate strength. Here, sirocco usually creates long, silent waves without foam that hit the shore hard and then return to the sea with a rustle.

Hot, dry continental air mixes with the colder, humid air of the sea cyclone and, moving counterclockwise, moves to the southern coast of Europe. On the way through the Mediterranean Sea, it becomes more humid, but, nevertheless, it often drains the vegetation of southern Europe, bringing also large masses of dust.

Cirocco causes dusty, dry weather along the northern coast of Africa, storms in the Mediterranean, and cold, wet weather in Europe. It causes dry fogs and a dusty mist. The driest sirocco is on the northern coast of Sicily. Often, because of it, the temperature rises above 40 °, and the relative humidity drops below 30%. Cirocco can last half a day or many days.

The dust brought by sirocco can spoil mechanical devices and get into the living quarters. Cirocco is harmful to health, regardless of whether it is wet or dry. Some sirocco cause nervous disorders, headaches, neuralgia, weakness, sleep disturbance, increased irritability, etc., up to insanity. There are even legends that crimes committed during a sirocco used to be forgiven once, attributed to his driving dryness and heat. In Croatia and Slovenia, it is referred to as “south” (jugo - Croatian). Cirocco, blowing in the south of France, is more humid and is known as Fr. marin.

It should be noted that in Odessa is known spring wind called "wide" - Is there a relative sirocco? Already very consonant!

But read the pilots further. I want to quote whole pieces:

Tramontana (it. tramontana) - cold north and northeast wind in Italy and northeast. Of Spain. Tramontana brings clear, dry weather. Its properties are very similar to mistral.

Tramontana often blows in the winter, and, since on its way it overcomes the snow-covered peaks of the Alps, it is usually cold and makes the necessary winter equipment. Tramontana can cause depression and nervousness, or, conversely, awaken the ability to work and the desire to work. Such a conclusion is contained in a recent study of Spanish psychiatrists. Tramontana "carries the germs of madness," claimed in 1982 the Colombian writer Gabriel Garcia Marquez, winner of the Nobel Prize in literature.

21 years later, therapist Conchita Rojo investigated the impact on the human psyche of this powerful dry wind, sometimes blowing for ten days in a row at a speed of more than 150 km / h. According to Dr. Rojo, residents of Catalonia (northeastern Spain) attribute Tramontana the ability to deprive people of reason. The study, which was attended by more than 300 patients, showed that the behavior of about two thirds of the Catalans changes under the influence of this wind, which is able to pull out television antennas.

At the same time, the legend that this wind deprives people of reason and leads to an increase in the number of suicides and incidents of violence, has no scientific basis.

Bora (ital. bora, from the Greek. - north wind) - cold gusty wind that occurs when a stream of cold air encounters a hill in its path; having overcome an obstacle, the boron with great force falls on the valley. The vertical dimensions of the burs are several hundred meters. Covers, as a rule, small areas where low mountains directly border the sea.

In Russia, the forests of the Novorossiysk Bay are especially strong, where they have a northeastern direction and blow more than 40 days a year, Novaya Zemlya, the shores of Baikal. In Europe, the most famous forests of the Adriatic Sea (Trieste, Rijeka, etc.). The duration of the forest is from days to a week. Daily temperature differences during burs can reach 40 ° C.

Before the appearance of the pine forest at the tops of the mountains, thick clouds can be observed, which the residents of Novorossiysk call “beard. Initially, the wind is extremely unstable, changes direction and strength, but gradually acquires a certain direction and tremendous speed - up to 60 m / s at the Markotkh pass near Novorossiysk.

Sometimes boron causes significant destruction in the coastal strip; on the sea the wind contributes to strong excitement; intensified waves flood the coast and also bring destruction; in severe frosts, they freeze, and ice crust is formed. Sometimes boron is felt and far from the shore.

Breeze (fr. La brise, lit. "light breeze") - this is the local wind. Its speed is low - up to 4 m / s. The breeze blows with a daily periodicity on the coast of the seas, large lakes and some large rivers.

This wind changes its direction twice a day, which is caused by the uneven heating of the land surface and the reservoir. Day, or sea breeze, moves from the water surface to the land, and night, or coastal - from the cooled coast to the reservoir.

Breeze often happens in summer when the temperature difference between land and water reaches the highest values. In Ukraine, for example, breezes are observed on the coast of reservoirs, the Black and Azov seas.

Here we finish a very, very brief and superficial overview of the European winds and move on to looking at the pictures (which also show the wind), and in the second part we will look at the winds of other edges - Asia, America and even other worlds. Stay with us.

Watch the video: Pocahontas - Colors of the Wind Disney Song (September 2019).

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