Mountain Evia (or Evia) - The second largest Greek island (after Crete). It is very close to the mainland (according to legend, and separated as a result of an earthquake, or rather, from the impact of Poseidon with his staff, then the god of the seas liked the place so much that he settled in an underground palace). And already in antiquity, the island was connected to the mainland by a bridge that still exists today.
And legends - just do not count. And all these legends are recognized as quite reliable. And about the fleet of Agamemnon, who was caught in bays because of the winds blowing simultaneously in different directions. And how not to believe, if the famous strait and now is extremely strange carries its waters. Here is just that the water flowed in one direction, and suddenly - at the same speed - in the opposite.
This mystery turned out to be so complicated that (again, according to legend) it was here that Aristotle, who could not understand this phenomenon, ended his life. He rushed into these playful recalcitrant waters. So lies between Eubeia and Attica a unique phenomenon of nature - the Euripus Strait, in which water changes direction every few hours.
The oldest inhabitants of this island are abantas, as is known from the Iliad. Subsequently, they merged with the Ionians; different tribes lived on different parts of the island. For a long time, even the system of weights and measures, invented on the island, was ubiquitous in Greece. And on the island, again according to legend, the wedding of Zeus and Hera took place. And the gods will not choose a bad place to marry. And bathing in the local waters endowed Hercules with his strength.
The main cities on the island are Chalkida and Eritria (it is important not to be confused with the country of Eritrea). It is strange to imagine, but in antiquity even these cities fought each other for supremacy, other Greek city-states took part in these battles (and these were one of the earliest described battles in Greek history). Eritria was destroyed, then restored after the Marathon battle, again suppressed by Pericles. Philip of Macedon was here, followed by the Romans and, of course, Byzantium.
Wrong, probably, to think that ancient history is a matter of days long past. As in any human biography, in the “biography” of any place a certain essence, a moment of truth, is always drawn out. If we see solid wars for the island, this does not mean that the islanders themselves had a very militant character. Although the island warriors were serious: they did not throw spears, but fought with swords in their hands. Sword to the sword. From here, the ships went to Troy, from hereafter, the islanders went to distant lands, covering new territories and establishing new settlements (both the northern part of Naples and Calabria as a whole).
But you can look at not so old events. In 1152 all the cities were destroyed by the Sicilians. And then began the era of the Crusades. The Franks (Boniface of Montferrat) came, followed by the Venetians, who divided the island and ruled for a long time. Even the name of the island was changed to Negroponte (in translation - Black Bridge, the same, the oldest).
Under the Venetians, the island became a kingdom, its flag among the three flying in St. Mark’s Square in Venice. There were both Catalan adventurers and pirates. There was no peace. All at all, all against all, and all this on a small island. Pans fought, and in the Evian lads, the forelocks cracked.
But this is not enough for the Greek island. Without the Ottoman Empire could not do. The island, though well protected, fell into the hands of Mehmed II. It was a terrible bloodshed, unprecedented even for this island. And for 400 years, the islanders paid huge taxes, supplied men to the army and girls in harems.
Finally, in 1832, the island became part of an independent state called Greece. One of the heroes of the War of Independence - N. Kryzotis (Kriezotis), may have been from a small village on Evbee. The islanders also participated in the Second World War; a civil war also took place on Ebbey. And most recently there were terrible fires and heavy snowfalls.
But the preserved monuments of all times and peoples stand on the island: the temples of Apollo and Dionysius (without them in Greece - nowhere), and the ancient theaters, and the Roman baths, which are always amazing. After all, in essence, the district baths, but no - whole palaces. Next to the Venetian castle - unusual and strange "House of the Dragon" (stone blocks, built in six centuries BC). Many Byzantine churches (in one church - the relics of Ivan the Russian), Turkish mosques and fortresses.
And there is nothing surprising in this, as well as in the fact that in the historical chronicles of Euboea it has been described many times, but only during times of conquest and battle. But in the rare years of the century of the world there are no references at all.
Meanwhile, Evbeya-Evia has already defined itself by its own name: “Rich in cattle". The pastures there are really exceptional, the island has always been famous for its horses and cows. And in the intervals between the wars, people were engaged in their original work: they herded cattle. And they did not need shocks.
That's just a pity that in the historical chronicles they write more and more about the battles, and not about peaceful periods, "rich in cattle." You can be able to fight, but it is completely unwilling.
Photos from the island site