Transfer of hours to winter time. Gnomon, can you stand?

And the Russian Mission Control Center will not change the clock: it has been living for the winter time all year round and is the only organization in Russia that does not convert the clock - this is due to the fact that you will have to reconfigure computers. And reconfiguring computers is dangerous. Yes, and what a saving of light in space ... As for all other organizations, ensuring the movement of transport, the work of the most varied systems, and even the time workers — the city workers responsible for the shooters — everything will be in order, we were promised. And the experience is already there - Russia switches to winter / summer time from 1981.

And what about our state of health and mood? Someone doesn’t care, somewhere the controversy will flare up about the incompatibility of energy savings with harm to human health. We will be reminded that people with chronic diseases need to take medicine for a walk, and the rest - to walk a lot, stop putting on the bottle, stop smoking altogether, take ginseng, do not overwork at work and skip the fitness class ... This is a kind tribute Time. However, as always, self-serving. Because time - it will always be stronger than us, wiser than us, and even when we can kill him, it will still remain, not even being reborn. It just is, it is constantly there, and the morning birds will not change the clock. Why not tell about us ...

Well worth it!

Let's try to imagine that once there were no hours at all. And of course, it is useless to be puzzled by the question of where the first watches appeared. In China. Probably. And of course, they were sunny. But today we know more about the grandiose gnomes - the huge vertical obelisks - and the ground dial in ancient Egypt. For the edification of their descendants, they were placed at the temples of the sun god Ra and, as usual, were bold: the gnomon, 34 meters in height, still remains. Interestingly, looking at the time shown by the gnomon, would anyone have thought to translate the arrow?

Then came the water clock, all in the same China. And they appeared four and a half millennia ago. Art, engineering genius and even wit - that was the creation of the famous and very long history of water clocks, later called clepsydra. In ancient Greece, amphorae-water clocks were used to regulate the time, which was supposed to be the speakers for speeches. Or here is the water clock of the 13th century Arab engineer Al-Yazari, with a real pointing mechanism: an old peacock, two young peacocks, and a pav above them. And on top of 15 glass balls. In general, the Arab masters, who realized the value of time, were especially distinguished by their skill and imagination - ancient miniatures tell about watches on which “Every half an hour the birds uttered a melodious whistle, the little man forced the falcon to drop the ball into the dragon’s mouth, which, in turn, began to squirm, and the driver forced the elephant to beat the rhythm” (quote from the book of Stanislav Michael) ...

And what about ancient Greece? On Monday morning, when the hated alarm clock rings, remember not your fate with a “good word”, but Plato: it is considered that this worthy person created the first alarm clock in all respects. This alarm clock was also water-based and served to convene pupils for classes, but it consisted of two vessels: water was poured into the top one, and from there it gradually poured into the bottom one, displacing air from it. The air rushed through the tube to the flute, and the flute began to sound ...

Meanwhile, China was also the cradle of fire watches. Candles with a scale, bundles with knots, bundles with scented fragments - just imagine: there was a smell, say, jasmine - half past four! Lampadny and especially the Chinese-loved gas-hour clocks persisted in this country until the twentieth century.

Exactly middle

In Europe, both solar and water clocks appeared in the Middle Ages and, above all, as a component of Christian culture: you need to know exactly how much to pray! Therefore, the sun and the water clock are often the heritage of magnificent cathedrals, described once by Dante in his “Divine Comedy”. As for hours of fire - Europe owes their appearance to Louis the Holy in the XIII century and Charles V - in the XIV-th. Just imagine such a watch with sound signals: metal pins were attached to the side of the candle, which fell as the wax burned out, rattling on the metal cup. Half past seven, gentlemen! By the way, the firing or candlestick clocks were fairly accurate, which cannot be said about the hourglasses that appeared along with the invention of glass. It was possible to build a huge clock for 12 hours of “progress”, but the walls of the vessel were gradually erased, and specially selected sand was crushed ... However, in Europe such hours were found only at the end of the Middle Ages.

History Arrow, Time Arrow

And then it was the time of mechanics, and the first mechanical clock was built in Milan, in 1335. They just showed time. Only? After all, they showed! Then, in the XIV century, time was standardized: the duration of an hour and a day was approved. And soon the real time boom began - discoveries followed discoveries, mechanisms improved, new, of course, very necessary functions were added. Until now, the most complex mechanism is considered to be a watch in French Besançon: it consists of 18 thousand parts and 75 dials operating simultaneously. And in 1675, the German H. Huygens first used the pendulum to regulate the accuracy of the course. Ever since, up to today, mechanical watches have been improved, remaining one of the most reliable sources of communication with a great Time. And ... you can translate time, turning the arrows!

The clock went sedately, time just went on, and the life of a person, of course, accelerated. The clock rang every quarter of an hour, and in 1675 they began to count the minutes, adding an arrow. In 1786, people needed a second hand ...

Let's ask time to save ...

It is known that the idea to move the time came to mind in 1908 to the British, but did not catch on immediately, but in 1916 during the First World War, Britain still switched to summer time. Americans began to translate the clock in 1918. Well, the British are proud of their Greenwich and today they are not averse to experimenting with time, not listening to the arguments of the Scots opponents who do not want to wander in the mornings in the dark. The history of games with Time continues, and we are given a lot of different useful figures that tell how well from an economic point of view to translate time ... And we will definitely translate it. Here we stand solemnly at three o'clock in the morning of Sunday and we will translate all the clocks in our houses. Where will he go, this deceived hour ...

The first of the Russians to transfer the clock border guards of the island Ratmanova (Imklika) - the most eastern point of the country. And the last - residents of the Kaliningrad region. And we will live on, watching the Time, and it is - for us. Actually, how does the theory of translation of arrows differ from, say, conjectures to aromatize a part of a tow? ...

References: S. Michal “Hours. From the gnomon to the atomic clock ”, S. Lilly“ People, cars and history ”.

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