Next to us are mainly things made in factories and factories, in huge batches and therefore indistinguishable from each other. Standard. Remember, in "The Irony of Fate, or Enjoy Your Bath": First Industrial Street, Third Street Builders, typical furniture, typical dishes ...
You do not need to cut the shelf with a jigsaw as a gift to your mother, to embroider a “waffle” towel with roosters, as your grandmother loved, and it is easier to buy knitted wool socks in the store. In China, in the twentieth century, they generally switched to uniforms, imitating the great Mao, and people marched along the streets with standard quotations from the Great Helmsman ...
But it was at the end of the twentieth century that the whole world suddenly felt that mass production leads to a decrease in the spiritual principle in the life environment. From the facelessness of existence, the number of drug addicts, suicide attempts has increased. Depression began to come out on top, leaving behind cardiovascular diseases and oncology. People earned money, but stopped tinkering, engage in creativity. Coming home from the service, the man could only sit comfortably on the sofa and turn on the TV. The children began to annoy: they demanded an investment, and most importantly - attention. It used to be the grandfather who repaired the stool, the grandmother would knit, the mother would bake pies, the dad would fit the shelf, and the children would spin around, learning the secrets of their skills.
Sensing some kind of emptiness, people slowly began to turn to the traditional creativity of the people, which always skillfully combine the useful with the spiritual and aesthetic. In America, hand-made products have already come into fashion. People began to appreciate not only the personal individuality, but also the own face of their home. But all this can give the richest folk art of Russia ...
One of the main features of the folk arts and crafts is the man-made works. Each product of the national master is unique, it as though keeps a part of his soul, warm hands. Together with blue ceramics, a piece of sunny Uzbekistan comes to our house. The carved figure of the walrus bone is a piece of the original culture of the peoples of Chukotka. And Khokhloma? Is this not a bright symbol of Russia?
In the old days in the life of the common man was a lot of grief. However, the art of the people is extremely cheerful. In the life of folk art has much in common with the life of nature. Like nature, it selects only the best and polishes it for centuries, creating a truly perfect technology, form, ornament, color. Over time, all this acquires the character of a tradition: once the beauty achieved must be preserved - such is the demand of the people.
Therefore, traditional art practically does not know bad things. Sometimes, they are clumsily made. But in such incompetence sometimes such strength, such a sense of beauty. Behind them is not one generation of unknown masters.
There are still very ancient motifs in folk ornamentation. But look how they have changed over the long centuries: the ornament of the later times is more complicated, richer, more elegant. Such changes speak of the vitality of old images: they continue to excite people.
Many motifs were included in the work of peoples in the 17th-19th centuries. The sources were Baroque, Classical, and Empire styles. Images became the expression of the people's world outlook, acquiring even a new look. So, the Nizhny Novgorod carvers introduced acantha leaves into their patterns, but made them very lively, flexible, mobile. The lions on the windowsill huts echo the stone lions of the 18th century manor houses. But how good-natured they are: often such an animal resembles a dog or a cat. Folk art never copies anything, always remains itself.
Art crafts have a rich history. For example, Khokhloma wood painting, Bogorodskaya carved toy. There are types of creativity that have arisen in the deep past from the artistic crafts of the city and the suburb: blackening of the silver of the Great Ustyug, Kholmogory bone carving, and enamel paintings of Rostov the Great.
They believed in the old days and in the power of good magic. Here is one example. The painted spinning wheels often depicted the bird Sirin surrounded by fantastic flowers. This sweetheart bird lives, according to ancient beliefs, in paradise. Hearing her wondrous singing, people are forgotten and spend many years in happy oblivion ... But Gamayun and Alkonost were not drawing - birds foreshadowing misfortune. A beautiful spinning wheel was usually the groom's wedding gift. By presenting her, he seemed to wish the bride happiness - a beautiful life, like the song of a wonderful bird. And he believed: Sirin will help it come true.
Folk art used to be inseparable from everyday life; the peasant did not do unnecessary things — each had a practical purpose. Today, the ratio of benefits and beauty in the product is somewhat different. We do not weave the canvas, do not drink honey from the ladles. And we buy the Khokhloma cup, as a rule, not because we need it on the farm. She fascinates us with the nobility of form, the unusualness of the “dress”, the grace of painting. And always a special joyful feeling that causes ornament. For this great beauty, we sort of free the thing from the performance of its direct function and put it on the shelf as interior decoration. The decorative side begins to increasingly prevail in the work of folk art.
The form of products is often simple, but always logical and expressive. Take a Vyatka toy - like a torso, skirt and head are simple, even primitively made and assembled into a figure. But in general, the image is interesting, the type is very characteristic. In folk art, kindness, sincerity, and immediacy always captivate. And amazing freedom of execution. There are no "tortured" things.
Even if you are closer to painting or drawing, sculpture or design, do not rush to pass by seemingly "simple" products of folk craftsmen. Remember how A. Venetsianov, V. Surikov, V. Vasnetsov, M. Vrubel, and B. Kustodiyev loved the art of their native people.
Diverse process of knowledge. A child learns about the world not only from the mouth of his mother and grandmother, from songs and fairy tales. Television, radio, books, and then the Internet tells him a lot. But the song and the fairy tale, paints of national paintings, embroidery patterns and homespun carpet are still necessary for him.