Some gifts, however, could not be placed in a museum showcase. For example, People’s Bulgaria renamed (of course, at the request of the workers) the second largest city in the country. Varna became known as Stalin. At the entrance to the city Seaside Park established a statue of the Generalissimo.
However, quite a bit of time passed, and on October 20, 1956, Varna became Varna again. The monument also stood until 1962. Today, few people remember this short renaming. The only "commemorative medals" remained sewer manhole covers on the old streets, on which in some places you can still see the inscription " Stalin "
In 1949, Bulgaria made another loyal renaming. The highest point of the Balkans, Mount Musala (altitude of 2430 m) was also “crossed”. Until 1962 it was called Mount Stalin.
Musala was not the first mountain, named after Comrade Stalin. And not the highest mountain. In the far Pamirs, by that time, Stalin's peak was already rising. The highest point of the Soviet Union.
For a long time, this peak was as if invisible among no less high neighbors. In 1928, it was discovered by the Soviet-German expedition, but it took over the neighboring peak already mapped.
I must say a few words about this expedition. It was organized by the USSR Academy of Sciences to study one of the “white spots” that remained on the map of the country. For topographic and geodetic surveys invited German scientists, technicians and climbers. The end of the 1920s was marked, as is known, by the flourishing of mutually beneficial contacts between Soviet Russia and Germany. On the Soviet side, not only famous geographers O. Yu. Schmidt, N. L. Korzhenevsky, but also political figures participated: N. P. Gorbunov, N. V. Krylenko. Both the one and the other in the late thirties were "enemies of the people" and were shot. Maybe even as “German spies”.
The highest peak of the USSR at that time was considered the peak of Kaufman. The top of this was discovered by a famous traveler. Alexey Fedchenko (1844−1873). His expedition to the Pamirs was carried out under the auspices of the Russian Geographical Society. But he initiated this journey and gave him full support to the general Konstantin Petrovich Kaufman (1818−1882), one of the conquerors of Turkestan and the first Turkestan governor-general. Not surprisingly, A. P. Fedchenko called the summit opened by him in the name of Kaufman.
However, it was quite clear that there was no place on the Soviet map for the name of the tsarist general. In 1928, Kaufman Peak became Lenin Peak.
In 1932, the Tajik-Pamir Expedition of the USSR Academy of Sciences continued to work. Surveyors measured the height of the peak, which on the maps of 1928 was labeled "alien" name. 7495 meters. Hoo th! - they said. Almost 400 meters above Lenin Peak! And in 1933, a group of mountaineers arrived at the foot of the newly opened Soviet "seven thousandth".
The first ascent to the summit was made on September 3, 1933 by an outstanding alpinist. Yevgeny Abalakov (1907−1948). The only one of the six participants in the assault group, he managed to complete the climb. Returning to the camp, the climbers sent a telegram to Stalin, Moscow. In the telegram, they reported their victory and that the conquered summit was named after the leader.
Giving a name to the pike is the right of the first comers. Therefore, the name of Stalin was safely inscribed on all geographical maps. And they decorated them until 1962, when suddenly, according to the well-known song of A. Galich, “our father turned out to be not a father, but a bitch”. Stalin's Peak was renamed Communism Peak. Here it seemed for ages. But after 1991 this name became odious. And Tajikistan, without waiting for the dawn of communism, turned into an independent state. And, in order to prove his greatness, he renamed the peak of Communism into the peak of Ismail Somoni. Ismail Somoni (849−907) It is considered the founder of the Tajik nation and a rather large Samanid state, the capital of which was Bukhara. Perhaps the history of the renaming of this Pamir seven-thousand meter was successfully completed.
In 2006, the Government of Tajikistan renamed Lenin Peak. But, of course, not at the peak of Kaufman, but at the peak of Abu Ali ibn Sina.
Abu Ali ibn Sina (ca. 980−1037) known in Europe under the name Avicenna. Avicenna - the famous Persian doctor and philosopher. His book "The Canon of Medicine", translated into Latin from Arabic, has long been one of the main textbooks for European Medics of the Middle Ages. The light of science in Europe then came from the east.
However, the name "Lenin Peak" still lives on some geographical maps. The fact is that this mountain is located on the border of two currently sovereign states: Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. In Kyrgyzstan, with the renaming, produced by neighbors, do not agree. What is Avicenna to them? So the Kyrgyz part of the mountain is still called Lenin Peak.