The Etruscans and Umbras, Gauls and Greeks are the original builders of this city. Not far from the city walls, Julius Caesar spoke the words "cross the Rubicon". A small river, completely depleted of human life, strictly speaking, is no longer a river - a ditch, and even then - it was difficult to identify. But fate prepared for her worldwide fame. It was at its shores that the phrase worthy of the generals was uttered: “If I do not cross this river, it will be the beginning of disasters for me. If I proceed, it will be the beginning of disasters for all people. ” What choice was made, everything is up to date, and if suddenly there isn’t, it is not difficult to guess.
Naturally, Rimini has its patron saint. And although this is an old “general Christian” one, it is still more revered in the Catholic world (St. Gaudentius or Ghadentius - from the Latin Gaudeo - rejoice). There is a memory of him both in the Orthodox and in the Catholic Church. The saint is known mainly because he traveled to Constantinople to defend St. John Chrysostom, who was persecuted.
The city is ruled by one powerful and rich dynasty of Malatesta. It was from there that the heroes of literary, pictorial, musical and cinematic works came out. Francesca (about 1255 - about 1285) was married to the ruler of the city by her father. She was a faithful wife and mother, until she began to read the book with her brother Paolo’s husband.
With paolo Francesca da Rimini read a book about knight Lancelot. Apparently, the reading of such a romantic book influenced the fact that between the two flared up a mutual feeling that my husband learned about. He killed both his wife and brother.
This seemingly unpretentious story has stirred the world. Francesca went to hell where Dante "heard" her story:
At leisure, we read once
About Lancelot sweet story;
We were alone, everyone was careless.
Above the book, eyes met more than once
And we faded with a secret shudder;
But then the story beat us.
(Dante. Divine Comedy. Translation by M. Lozinsky).
For some reason, everyone in the world was understandable and close: carelessly read the book together, meet with looks, turn pale and immediately begin to blink, and the book more and more “wins” ... The direct road to hell turned out.
After Dante who just did not turn to the image of the unfortunate Francesca. Written a huge number of poems, tragedies, operas (Rossini, Napravnik, Dzandonai), created paintings and sculptures (Rodinovsky "Kiss" inspired by the same plot).
A history of tragic love has become an amazing business in Russia in the centuries. Wonderful symphonic fantasy "Francesca da Rimini" is in P. Tchaikovsky. At the beginning of the last century, Sergei Rakhmaninov wrote his opera Francesca da Rimini. In the middle of the 20th century, the ballet was written by Boris Astafyev. Maybe in Russia unhappy love is always in demand?
It turned out that a big motley cat
Hardly molded on the edge of the roof,
Trapping kissing pigeons.
I was angry most about being
That we did not kiss, but doves
And that the times of Paolo and Francesca are over.
(A. Blok. Poem "She Came from a Frost").
There was also a film about Francesca. Marina Vlady's sister Odile Versois starred in the title role (Odile Versois, nee Ekaterina Polyakova-Vaidarova, as well as the sister of other famous actresses).
In Rimini, they love their Francesca, the castle in which she lived is preserved. And nowadays even scientific conferences are held in the city dedicated to this young woman, who lived almost 800 years ago ...
Francesca - the eternal image of tragic love. But Rimini was born a wonderful film director, the creator of the eternal images - Federico Fellini (January 20, 1920 - October 31, 1993). This outstanding director, the owner - by right - of five Oscars, dedicated his film "Amarcord" to the city of his childhood. This film gave impetus to the new style of world cinema. Rimini Airport is named after Federico Fellini.
Part of the life of a small Italian town has become, in turn, part of world culture. Perhaps the whole secret of Italian cities is that their inhabitants can appreciate their past. There is the Piazza Tre Martiri square in the city, where the tribune of Julius Caesar and the church dedicated to the three martyrs, the partisans tortured during the last war, are preserved. All together and all - for a long memory.