True, when this question, in a dry language of numbers, everything looks a little different. The forests of Karelia occupy more than half of its area. But if already from the fact that it is “less”, to subtract the minuscule agricultural land, which does not reach even one percent, then the remainder is divided approximately equally between the swamps and what is called “water resources”. Lakes and rivers.
And the one and the other in the republic ... Yes, mosquito cloud is simple! The one that rises above the blueberry, which only touch in the hope of picking a berry, eat. Yeah. You'll eat here ... Zzzzz ... And the sky - with a sheepskin. Blow off your legs if you are stuck without proper equipment.
Lot. There are a lot of these “resources” in Karelia. Lakes so more than 61 thousand. And the rivers ... Smaller, of course, but also enough. Experts say that we have almost 27 thousand of them. The total length - 83 thousand km! Hoo ... Th ... Karelians are here ahead of the rest!
No, you probably should not vouch for the planet, but in Russia ... In Russia, if you take such a figure as the ratio of water and land, then Karelia really has a well-deserved first place among all-all regions, regions and republics.
The water resources of the republic themselves are not simple. No, not gold, of course, but with its own characteristics. Here, the same river to take.
What is typical for Karelia, in which other region of Russia is an exception to the general rule. Well, for example, on the Karelian rivers, the actual river sections often alternate with lakes. Like that little problem about two pipes. In one of which flows into the pool, in the other - flows. So it is with us. Only instead of a pool there is a lake, and instead of pipes there is one or two rivers.
At the same time, the lake component in the total length of the Karelian rivers fluctuates on average from 6 to 50%. This is an average. And if you take a specific river, then some of these lakes may not be at all. But on the other lake component jumps to 90%. Therefore, if from the point of view of water science, then in Karelia there are no rivers at all. Lake-river systems. So it is called.
Or another characteristic feature of our watercourses. On all Karelian rivers there are many rapids and waterfalls. And not just a lot. Lots of. Again, experts have calculated that on large rivers, such as Suna, Vyg, Kem, Vodla, Shuya, rapids and waterfalls make up at least 10–12% of their length. On small - generally up to 50%.
The extent of their remember? 83 thousand km. And if these thousands and percentages be multiplied ... Come on. The calculator can be put in place. There, where he and before that quietly overgrown with moss. All those who were supposed to have already counted everything. Who gets paid for it. Many, many thousands of rapids in Karelia ...
And so that between them and what a waterfall is not wormed? Yes, this can not be. Well, if only because there can never be. So they wormed. Few people call them “waterfalls” in Karelia. So, if the visitors. Or tourists-rafting, which every summer on our rivers and their rapids with their helmets and life jackets. And the local people more on another word rests. Waterfall, drainage, and sometimes more or less large threshold in the republic passes as "Padun".
A waterfall is the same place where water falls. The people in the north are calm, discreet, laconic. That left only one of its parts from a compound compound word. The one in which about "falls." And the fact that it is water that falls is so clear. Well, at least to us, Karelians.
Some waterfalls even have this common name as a proper name. For example, Padun Waterfall, which is on the Vodla River. Or Big Padun, which is on Vinca. And on the Lower Vyge there is Voitsky Padun. Only some. Although, each of those nearly thirty waterfalls that exist in Karelia ... Or rather, not so. Not “is”, but those about which we now know. Maybe in the wilds of the taiga nature is still a reserve which is hidden, which only local hunters, fishermen and loggers know ...
In the meantime, it is believed that so much - "about thirty." And each of them has its own name. About which sometimes like that right from the kondachka, and you will not say - where does it come from? Why exactly is the waterfall called?
The same Kivach, considered the most famous waterfall of Karelia. Someone says that the name is from the Russian word "nod". Those who disagree with this version, poke a finger in the direction of the western neighbor. Like, Kivach from the Finnish "kivi" - a stone. And others oppose the others, proving that the Karelian “kivas” - the snow mountain - formed the basis of the waterfall name. Why snow? Have you been to Kivach in winter? Then what questions?
So this is the most famous! Although ... If someone asks my opinion, it is not Kivach ... No, it is not Kivach at all. Well, yes - it was he who for a long time was considered the second highest - after the Rhine (Switzerland) - among the flat waterfalls of Europe. Again, Gavrila Romanych who blessed Pushkin in his famous Ode “Waterfall” is about Kivach. About him and Fedor Glinka. If to whom specifically, so here it is:
Above Kivach, on the heights,
A diamond star is burning ...
Only ... How many people know these lines of the Decembrist poet? And how much only in 1973 did you see a small, but not less beautiful and picturesque, waterfall on the Tohmayoki river? What is on the 17th kilometer after turning onto Vyartsilya from the A130 Olonets-Sortavala highway? Before Ruskeala Bridge. On right. This.
What, do not you recognize? And the heart is not even sank? This is the number ... And the Bashkirs and Partners company, which conducted a sociological survey in 2002, asserts that the film “The Dawns Here are Quiet” is the most popular film about the Great Patriotic War ... How? By the way, the “nature” of this film was shot in Karelia. In the village of Syargilakhta, in the Pryazha district. And ... right here. On Ruskeala waterfall.
Do not you recognize these two channels separated by a rock? The scene where the foreman Vaskov and the girls, in a desperate attempt to force German saboteurs to go to the Kirov railroad in a roundabout way, pose as valiant rafters. Yes Yes! Here, at Ruskeala waterfall, this scene was filmed.
In the first year of the release of the picture on the big screen, it becomes the leader of the rental. In 1973, 73 million people saw it! For one year. And only in the Soviet Union.
But, along with other other countries, there is also China, where "And the dawns ..." enjoy simply deafening success. The film is so popular with the Chinese that their central TV (CCTV) in 2005 took off its remake. Already in television format, 19 episodes.
Even if we estimate firsthand how many people in different countries for 36 years saw a small waterfall on the Tokhmayoki River, which is not far from Ruskeala ... No, one cannot find a more famous waterfall in Karelia. Go search though. There are no such.
Above - there is. More powerful - as much as you like. Picturesque - to whom how and for what taste.
Yes, here, just downstream Tohmajoki. Another waterfall. Or, if you go back to Olonets and, before reaching Pitkäranta, after Leppasilta, turn onto Leppäsyur ... Another padun. And you can not fold. There, after all, to Korinoia - is within reach. And - here it is. Another one of ...
This is all - only part of South Karelia. There is North. East. There are also waterfalls. Yes, all of them if we talk ... To infinity. And with chants you can.
But I would not like to abuse readers' patience either. Maybe another time ...?