There are several theories about the origin of tango. Here is one of them: originally a dance of this kind was danced in the brothels of Buenos Aires, which at that time was just a small village. Nearby gaucho (shepherds) came to the city in search of entertainment, one of which was brothels - and dancing in them. Since the Gauchos did not change their clothes and did not bathe, they danced in stiff pants (which caused their legs to be bent at the knees), and they smelled accordingly (therefore, women usually turned their heads away from the gentleman). The lady's left hand usually lay on her hips, a gentleman - as close as possible to her pocket of money. The couples had to be manipulated between the tables, since there was little space.
Thus arose the main movements and pas of the Argentine tango, which appeared in Argentina in the middle of the 19th century. It was a dance of poor neighborhoods, a dance of immigrants who came to Argentina for happiness - like many other immigrants of all ages and nations. Therefore, to trace the initial development of tango is difficult - these people usually did not leave records, and the more educated classes of Argentina despised the entertainment of the mob. Melodies for dancing were fused together from Spanish flamenco, Argentine milonga, Polish Mazurka, Havana habanera and German waltz. The orchestra usually consisted of a bandoneon (a kind of accordion), a guitar, a piano, a double bass, or any combination of these instruments. Later, they added the violin and flute.
In the 19th century in Argentina, there were many men, but few women. Therefore, the struggle for the possession of a lady - in a brothel or as a constant friend - was quite acute. While waiting for the lady to free herself from her next partner, the men often danced with each other, honing their dance skills. Often they competed with each other for the right to own a lady, because usually the lady chose the most skillful dancer. The last word in this fight of passion sometimes became a knife, stabbed in the back of a more successful opponent. Maybe that's why tango is called the dance of death ...
Why December 11th became Tango Day? December 11, 1887 born singer Carlos Gardelrecognized king of this dance. An immigrant from France who came to Argentina at the age of 6, when he was a teenager, "fell ill" with tango and soon became famous so much that he outgrew Argentina. Moving to Europe, he successfully introduced tango to Paris, from where this dance began its triumphal march across countries and continents. In 1930, Carlos signed a contract with Paramount Studios and starred in films such as Fires of Buenos Aires, Tango Bar, Suburb Melody. Hollywood made the film “The Day You Love Me”, starring Gardel. Unfortunately, Gardel’s career unexpectedly ended in 1935 - he died in a plane crash.
However, tango continues to evolve. Over time, this dance conquers even those who considered it indecent and depraved, for example, Pope Pius X, who banned "this", but lifted his ban after in 1914 students of Argentine K. Ain danced in front of him in the Vatican. Tango was also forbidden to dance in Germany and Russia, which did not prevent the wild popularity of this dance. In the 1920s-30s, in the Soviet Union, tango was considered a decadent and philistine dance; nevertheless, the played records with tango melodies were passed from hand to hand.
In the 1950s, the years of the Great Depression in the USA and the military dictatorships in South America, the tango begins to be forgotten. The next era of rock and roll seemed to have supplanted tango for a long time, if not forever. But the Argentine Tango show, staged in 1983 in Paris, created a sensation and instantly revived the forgotten dance. Everywhere, people rushed to take tango lessons, and since then this dance has not lost its popularity.
Exists several types of tango:
Milongero Tangoclosest to the original Argentine tango. Milonguero is danced in a close embrace, his steps are simple enough, improvisations are encouraged.
Salon Tango, which is characterized by a greater distance between the dancers, which allows the use of a more diverse na.
Tango "Liso"or simple tango. Differs more simple and specific pattern without a lot of improvisations and difficult steps.
Tango "Nuevo"or new tango. This is a dance with a lot of interesting and complex shapes, turns, it is often called the dance of "new blood". Dancers are trying to find in this dance a new expression and style.
And finally tango "fantasy". This is a staged tango for competitions and theatrical performances. This tango is performed by professional dancers, and each such tango is an expression of the producer’s idea, be it revenge, hate, love or other emotions.
But whatever tango you choose in order to celebrate this exceptional holiday, it must be full of emotions, as it should be for this incendiary, passionate, conflicting and life-affirming dance.